Individuals who have received a negative decision from an officer or the Immigration and Refugee Board have the option to ask the Federal Court to review the decision. The Federal Court process for reviewing immigration decisions takes place in two stages.

First stage: Leave

The first stage involves an application to the Court for leave (or permission) for a hearing before the Court. The application to the Court must be made within 15 days of receiving the decision for decisions made in Canada, and within 60 days for decisions made outside of Canada.

Second stage: Judicial review hearing

If leave is granted, a hearing will be scheduled before the Federal Court to hear the judicial review of the decision