With some exceptions, an individual who is not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and who wishes to work in Canada must apply for a work permit. For immigration purposes, work is defined as any activity that is compensated with a wage or commission or any activity, paid or unpaid, that competes directly with Canadian citizens or permanent residents in the Canadian labour market. To remain in compliance, individuals authorized to work in Canada must be aware of work permit conditions. With some exceptions, individuals can work in Canada for a maximum period of four years. We assist individuals to understand their options in the context of complex regulatory changes to Temporary Foreign Worker programs.