Express Entry is not an immigration program but an application management system used by IRCC for certain federal economic class programs including the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program and Canadian Experience Class.  Provinces and territories also recruit some of their candidates for Provincial Nominee programs through the Express Entry system.

To create a profile in the Express Entry system, an applicant must qualify in an economic class stream. Applicants profiled in Express Entry are then given points in a comprehensive ranking system, and every few weeks the individuals with the highest number of points will be invited to apply for permanent residence in an expedited process.

There continue to be economic class programs outside the Express Entry system which may be worthwhile exploring based on individual circumstances.